We all have been there and have felt the pain growing inside our stomach after eating some food items. One of the most common reasons for stomach ache is food poisoning, as it is relatively easy to get food contaminated with bacteria and pathogens. Pathogens can quickly attack raw meat if we put it out in the open, away from freezing temperatures.
There are more than 200 different types of conditions that come under food poisoning. We don’t treat it as something major, but sometimes this condition could become severe, and in no time, a person could be fighting for his life. On the other hand, food-borne illness can be lethal to both the elderly and children, so you need to be more cautious with them.
With this article, we will explore 5 significant types of food poisoning, how they occur, and ways to prevent them from happening. As COVID-19 is at large, we should not let our guard down from other medical diseases.
What Is Food Poisoning?
Well, a lot of people will tell you it’s nothing, and you need to use the washroom, and everything will be fine. But in truth, food poisoning can stay for a few days to 2 weeks if not treated properly. Here’s a fact for you that every 7th American living in the United States has been in contact with one or the other form of food poisoning.
Now coming to the main question, how would you really describe food poisoning? Well, any illness which is caused by food contamination, which in the first place is caused by food being attacked by bacteria, viruses, parasites, and any other toxins, can come under the medical condition known as food poisoning or food-borne disease.
How Does Common Food Poisoning Happen?
Given below, we have mentioned some of the common scenarios which lead to food poisoning.
- First, it could be spread by a waiter or someone who is preparing your food if they are not wearing gloves or washed their hands before making the food.
- Raw veggies and fruits that need to be washed before chopping or cutting can also spread this disease if they are not cleaned properly.
- One of the common issues with cooking meat is to serve it raw, and eating raw or undercooked meat can lead to food poisoning.
- Not keeping the food in a refrigerator when it should be stored below room temperature.
- Keeping cooked food uncooked can lead to cross-contamination, which then leads to food bacteria.
- Not able to properly store deli meats, hot dogs, and beef patties.
- Drinking unpasteurized milk along with spoiled dairy products such as soft cheese and sour curd.
- Lastly, if the cutting board or the knives used to cut meat or veggies doesn’t get properly cleaned, it can also lead to cross-contamination, and bacteria can grow on the knife’s metal.
5 Most Common Types Of Food Poisoning
Down here, we have provided you with the list of 5 most common types of food poisoning that can occur to you while you are taking your meals.
It’s an acronym for Escherichia coli 0157:H7. Most of the pain that rises in your stomach is harmless to the human body, and they can be found naturally around us. The problem that is caused by the condition of E. Coli can be found in the intestines of livestock; these can be cattle, goats, and sheep, which are used for many of their byproducts like meat and wool.
The spreading of the E.coli mostly takes place when the livestock is taken up for slaughtering. But in a few cases, it has also been found in raw milk in dairies. Vegetables and other fruit crops that are present near the slaughtering house can be easily contaminated.
On the other hand, one of the common reasons it gets transmitted inside the human body is digesting under-cooked food and contaminated raw veggies that people like to eat as a salad. A human can also spread it through human contact and in childcare centers.
According to the latest reports, more than 73,480 Americans suffer stomach pain each year due to E.Coli 0157:H7. These numbers result in 2,185 hospitalizations and, in severe cases, leads to death. On average, each year, 60 Americans die due to specific E.coli food poisoning.
One of the most unpleasant food poisonings has a name, and it is Salmonella. If you ever had a fever, stomach pain, or cramps along with Diarrhea, then you might have survived Salmonella food poisoning. The Diarrhea can be so painful that sometimes it could lead to blood dripping out when the person defecates.
This type of food poisoning symptoms can start to show up as early as 6 hours after eating contaminated food. There have been reports about people feeling nausea, vomiting, and even headache when the Salmonella kicks in.
The common culprits of Salmonella outbreak are chicken and eggs; this can also be said for the processed food such as chicken nuggets that are frozen then deep-fried in hot oil. Salmonella doesn’t require medical treatment in the first place. In case of severe pain, a doctor may prescribe patient antibiotics. On the other hand, fresh produce can also be the main reason for spreading this type of infection.
The recent outbreaks of Salmonella were caused by tomatoes, leafy greens, and some pre-cut melons. In addition to this, if you are buying sprouts for yourself, make sure you put them below 40 degrees in the refrigerator as they are grown in warm and humid places, they quickly tend to get in contact with bacteria. But keeping them in a cold temperature will kill any bacteria present in the veggies.
It’s one of the nasty ones, and the E. colr is a widespread bacteria found in food but isn’t harmful to the human body. But it can produce Shiga toxin in some cases that result in people feeling sick after eating food. A ground beef patty can easily lead to an E.coli outbreak. Most of the symptoms are too mild, so you won’t feel a sudden pain in your stomach after eating food. But others can be deadly and include bloody Diarrhea, vomiting, and stomach cramps. These symptoms will start to show up after 4-5 days after you have consumed contaminated food.
As a few days pass by, you will start to feel much better and at ease. This food poisoning can lead to Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome (HUS) in which the person begins to lose pink color on their cheeks. Also, the patient will feel less urge to urinate, and the frequency will be substantially decreased. A person needs to get in touch with a doctor as soon as possible, as this condition can lead to kidney issues and even failure if not treated on time.
The treatment of E. coli requires you to drink as one of the significant issues with this infection is the body getting attacked by dehydration. Besides, you need to keep your hands off from anti-diarrhea medications. Taking these medications will prevent Diarrhea from moving out from your body, and thus, the recovery process will be slow. We would like you to consult your doctor and ask them to balance them both.
You might have suffered from this type of food poisoning if you are using too many canned food items. Botulism occurs when bacteria grow in improperly closed canned food items. Even a small bit of food tainted with C. botulinum can take people’s life. In addition to this, people who eat botulism-tainted things can show various symptoms related to nerve-disease. Some of the common nerve-related issues are double vision, poor reflexes, feeling weak, and not swallowing food properly.
Coral algae toxins are the main reason for this incurable disease, which is transmitted by eating fish. In addition to this, this type of food poisoning occurs in more than 50,000 people each year. The Ciguatera only happens in the fish that belong to tropical regions. It is quite hard to detect the contaminated fish, and thus, most of the time, the fish with Ciguatera gets into your plate without any notice.
Moreover, it is a kind microorganism that can be killed even if you try to cook the fish or deep freeze it. At first, a person who gets Ciguatera will feel like it’s regular food poisoning, and it will go away in a few days. But it impacts a person’s neural senses and has an irreversible effect. It can lead to a person’s trouble in sensing hot and cold. Also, this could lead to heart failure in extreme cases.
What Are Different Large Intestinal And Small Intestinal Food Poisoning?
Large Intestine food poisoning leads to bloody, mucousy Diarrhea that comes with cramps and abdominal pain. The large intestinal food poisoning is caused by Campylobacter, which has the highest number of cases leading to foodborne diseases in the United States of America. Other than this, your large intestine can suffer from Shigella, Salmonella, and Vibrio.
Small Intestine infection can lead to diarrhea, which is caused by a small bowel infection. The Diarrhea won’t be bloody, but at the same time, it could be transferred to the large intestine and can take place in both the intestines at the same time. E.coli, Vibrio cholera, Norwalk, Rotavirus, and adenovirus are also small intestine food-borne diseases. Lastly, Botulism is quite dangerous as it can make a person’s body go into paralysis.
How To Keep Your Food And Yourself Protected From Food Poisoning?
There is no sure shot way to prevent food poisoning. You need to handle your food with care and proper sanitation. Also, you need to avoid eating food that is unsafe for you, and these include food that isn’t cooked in front of you.
Secondly, some foods have a higher tendency to give you food poisoning than others. These food items are poultry products, eggs, meats, shellfish. When you cook these products, the bacteria present inside them might get killed or survive, depending on how you cook them. If they are not appropriately cooked and eaten in their raw form or if you don’t clean the surface or your hands while preparing food, it can cause food poisoning.
Remember that you need to wash your hands before you even touch a single food item you are preparing. Also, when you are purchasing the product, keep your eyes open and look if the seal of the canned food is adequately closed or not.
Anything that comes in contact with the raw meat or raw food item must be cleaned before you can use it again to chop or cut.
When you are ordering food from an online store, check the rating of the restaurant and reviews. You can buy your favorite food item from some of the city’s top restaurants on Foodondeals.com.
Lastly, when buying veggies and fruits, make sure they are fresh, and before you cut them to serve, wash them with water.
Food Poisoning isn’t anything new. In sporadic cases, food-borne diseases could be life-threatening; according to the CDC, a lot of people suffer from it each year, but the good news is most of the food poisoning cases get self recovered in 48 hours. With the infection still existing in your body, you need to consult your doctor for the medications. If You Want Safe and Hygienic Food, restaurant delivery service of FoodOnDeal will Definitely help you.
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